What are the most Frequently Asked Questions of Raman Spectrome

  • Raman spectrometers are indispensable tools in laboratory testing. As a Raman spectrometer manufacturer, Drawell is here to address some of the most frequently asked questions about these instruments.

    Raman Spectrometer

    1. Laser Raman Spectroscopy vs. Infrared Spectroscopy

    To grasp the difference between laser Raman spectroscopy and infrared spectroscopy, imagine their spectral shapes. Infrared spectra appear "concave," while Raman spectra are "convex." These two techniques complement each other in several ways:

    Both are vibrational spectra, measuring the excitation or absorption of the ground state with the same energy range.

    Raman is a differential spectrum. Infrared is like buying a Coke for $0.01 – straightforward. Raman, on the other hand, is like investing $1 and getting a Coke plus 90 cents back, but you still know the Coke's price.

    They follow different selectivity rules. Infrared measures changes in molecular dipole moments, while Raman detects changes in molecular polarizability.

    Infrared is known for its strong and easily measurable signal, while Raman typically has a weaker signal.

    They use different wavelength ranges. Infrared relies on mid-infrared light, which can't penetrate many optical materials. Raman, however, offers various wavelength options, from visible light to near-infrared.

    Sample preparation for infrared can be complex and time-consuming, potentially damaging the sample. Raman spectroscopy doesn't face these challenges.

    In most cases, Raman and infrared spectroscopy complement each other, with one being strong where the other is weak.

    2. Blue Shift and Red Shift

    Blue shift and red shift describe shifts in wavelength or wave number:

    Redshift means a wavelength moves toward longer wavelengths and lower frequencies, often seen in astronomical observations.

    Blueshift refers to a shift toward shorter wavelengths and higher frequencies.

    These shifts can also occur in molecular spectroscopy, affecting the position of absorption peaks in chromophores due to factors like molecular interactions and solvents.

    3. Laser Light Sources in Raman Spectrometers

    Raman spectrometers use various laser light sources:

    Argon ion lasers


    Helium-neon lasers

    Solid-state diode-pumped lasers

    Near-infrared lasers (e.g., 785nm)

    Neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) lasers (1064nm)

    Dye lasers

    The choice depends on your research object and the need to avoid interference, such as fluorescence.

    DTR3000 Raman Spectrometer

    4. Sample Pretreatment for Laser Raman Testing

    Sample pretreatment in laser Raman testing is generally straightforward. Solids and liquids typically require no pretreatment, while gases can be more challenging, especially if they have low density. Polishing the sample surface or cleaning with solvents like alcohol or acetone is often sufficient.

    5. Choosing the Excitation Wavelength

    The excitation wavelength choice in Raman spectroscopy depends on whether the sample fluoresces under laser excitation. If fluorescence interferes, a different laser should be used. Shorter excitation wavelengths are preferred theoretically, but practical limitations, such as detector sensitivity, can impact the choice.

    6. Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy vs. Laser Raman Spectroscopy

    Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy uses a near-infrared laser (1064nm) for organic sample analysis with a weak signal.

    Laser Raman Spectroscopy uses lasers of different wavelengths (200-800nm) for high-energy, high-sensitivity measurements.

    Fourier Raman can reduce fluorescence interference.

    It is generally more affordable.

    Dispersion laser Raman is more popular among users.

    In conclusion, these FAQs provide insights into Raman spectrometers, but there's more to explore. If you seek further information or wish to find the right Raman spectrometer for your needs, please don't hesitate to contact us. We'll guide you to the ideal product.